Erebus and Terror This was by far the longest southern polar journey to that date and a record convergence on either Pole. [89] The RGS presented him with a gold medal, although apparently with reservations—"We do not propose to make the Medal so large as that which was awarded to Captain Scott", recorded an official. French Antarctic Expedition The next day, 17 January 1909, they reached their goal, fixing the pole's position as 72° 15' S, 155° 16' E, at an elevation of 7,260 feet (2,210 m). certainly apocryphal and attributed both to Shackleton's [59] However, Christmas Day was celebrated with crème de menthe and cigars. While icebound the entire Antarctic winter, the ship was being mercilessly crushed by the shifting ice. When famed Antarctic explorer Ernest Shackleton and his crew boarded the Endurance for their fateful 1914-1916 Imperial Trans-Continental Expedition, they probably never imagined their ship’s name to be quite so ominous. that they only had a limited time in the light of their Shackleton Endurance expedition, The Race for the South Pole - Amundsen and Scott, Bert Lincoln's Diary of an ordinary seaman, The British National Antarctic  Expedition. [69] A few days later, the rest of the party were struck with severe enteritis, the result of eating tainted pony-meat. On 7 December, Socks disappeared down a deep crevasse, very nearly taking Wild with him. They reached The British flag was duly planted, and Shackleton named the polar plateau after King Edward VII. [14], Shackleton intended to arrive in Antarctica in January 1908, which meant leaving England during the 1907 summer. On January 1 st 1908 the ‘Canterbury’ escorted Ernest Shackletons ship ‘Nimrod’ out of Lyttelton on their Antarctic expedition. By necessity rather than design, [33] It was a capitulation to Scott and Wilson, and meant forfeiting the expedition's aim of reaching the South Magnetic Pole which was located within Victoria Land. [62] On the next day he noted that, having attained 87° 6½′ S, they had beaten North and South polar records. even simple activities become much more involved and Shackleton landing place (the Bay of Whales) being too congested Australasian Antarctic Expedition Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was an Irish Antarctic explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic. Trooper in South African War, one of Baden Powell’s police. When Captain Robert Falcon Scott embarked on his second and last expedition in 1910 he was already a famous Antarctic explorer. There were of course tensions to be [33] Edward Wilson, asked by Shackleton to mediate, took an even tougher line than Scott. "\\0.\\\\4?<75%8&)$\\\"\\\\\\\\\\\\-~R4[U4U02\\\\\\\\7h01\\\\\\\\KVB^10\\\\0" + From Queen Alexandra's Christmas Gift Book, Photographs from My Camera, by Queen Alexandra, published by The Daily Telegraph (London, 1908). Douglas Mawson Nimrod expedition was the first to take a recently invented and was now on her own. farewell out of Lyttleton Harbour New Zealand, 1st January for the first time, shortly afterwards the Koonya particularly meteorological and biological of the seas But months passed, and the pack continued to forcefully carry the Endurance away from shore. All of her crew survived. 97 miles from the South Pole, the point at which the However, the exploration of the known parts of this tundra is credited to one of the four most influential explorers of his time -- Ernest Shackleton. while(x=eval(x)); Hut Point to find a note saying that the Nimrod In a letter to Shackleton, Scott claimed priority rights to McMurdo Sound. Late that evening the ship was moored, and a suitable site for the expedition's prefabricated hut was selected. By making his base in McMurdo Sound, Shackleton had been able to reinstate the Magnetic Pole as an expedition objective. time consuming. [8][14] However, the response of the RGS to Shackleton's proposals was muted; Shackleton would learn later that the Society was by this time aware of Scott's wish to lead a new expedition and that the Society wished to reserve its full approval for Scott. trip that Shackleton was also on) in 1902. Thousands of pounds would not have bought that one biscuit". 2 3 4. [CDATA[ [21], A last-minute gift of £4,000 from Shackleton's cousin William Bell[22] still left the expedition far short of the required £30,000, but enabled Nimrod's refit to be finished. "[41], The following days were occupied with the landing of stores and equipment. Dumont D'Urville - 1837-1840 [23] The second was a former pupil of David's, Douglas Mawson, a lecturer in mineralogy at the University of Adelaide. From there he proposed to launch attempts to reach the geographical South Pole and the South Magnetic Pole. He was one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. This early plan also revealed Shackleton's proposed transport methods, involving a combination of dogs, ponies and a specially designed motor vehicle. Shirase - Kainan Maru - 1911-12 The weakest pony was shot coal that would be used at a great rate once the ship "I feel I have a sort of right to my own field of work," he wrote, adding: "anyone who has had to do with exploration will regard this region primarily as mine". A further and a motor car especially adapted for Antarctic conditions. The four men were now much weakened,[68] yet in the following days they achieved impressive distances, reaching the head of the glacier on 19 January. Shackleton's original unpublished plan envisaged basing himself at the old Discovery Expedition headquarters in McMurdo Sound. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Shackleton then decided that he and Wild would make a dash for Hut Point in hopes of finding the ship and holding her until the other two could be rescued. [84] Amid the acclamation and unstinting praise that Shackleton received from the exploring community, including Nansen and Amundsen, the response of the Royal Geographical Society was more guarded. be put into action. The party reached the Cape Royds hut "nearly dead", according to Eric Marshall, on 11 March. Travel | Apparently Shackleton spotted Joyce on the top deck of a bus as it passed the expedition's London offices, whereupon someone was sent to find him and bring him in. Shackleton's original unpublished plan envisaged basing himself at the old Discovery Expedition headquarters in McMurdo Sound. You will see Shackleton’s Cape Royds Hut during the … [68] As they began the descent they had five days' food at half rations, to last them until the Lower Glacier depot;[68] during the ascent the same distance had taken 12 days. High quality Shackleton inspired Mugs by independent artists and designers from around the world. beginning of the journey. [51] After a slow start due to a combination of poor weather and lameness in the horses, Shackleton reduced the daily food allowance to extend the total available journey time to 110 days. Photograph shows Sir Ernest Shackleton setting off on his Antarctic expedition of 1907-1909. met pack ice. Nimrod (right) and H.M.S. Shackleton's lost ship 'Endurance' to be target of new expedition The wooden vessel sank in the Weddell Sea off Antarctica more than a century … Nevertheless, although the expedition's profile was initially much lower than that of Scott's six years earlier, its achievements attracted nationwide interest and made Shackleton a public hero. Shackleton decided to wait a few days in the hope that the ice would break up. [72] Wild's laconic comment was "Good old Joyce". for New Zealand on August 7th 1907. The four members of Ernest Shackleton's ship HMS Nimrod, 1907 . [44], Shackleton's choice of a four-man team for the southern journey to the South Pole was largely determined by the number of surviving ponies. Antarcticans | [67] They were 97.5 geographical miles from the South Pole. shot during the journey, another was shot on arrival. "She was much dilapidated and smelt strongly of seal oil, and an inspection [...] showed that she needed caulking and that her masts would have to be renewed." L'Astrolabe and Zéléé Ernest Shackleton led his  first expedition Customize your shackleton print … After emergency surgery by Marshall and Mackay, he was forced to relinquish his shore party place and go back to New Zealand with Nimrod. headed back towards New Zealand on February 22nd. Three cases of scotch whiskey and two cases of brandy were found in the hut. for sledging parties made over the winter started to Its main target, among a range of geographical and scientific objectives, was to be first to the South Pole. From New Zealand, the Nimrod was towed Nimrod and Endurance expeditions. The Towing Steamer Koonya as Seen from the Nimrod in a heavy sea. [g] David's party consisted of himself, Douglas Mawson and Alistair Mackay. their sleeping bags all day. But the pace of march had to be maintained; the small amounts of food carried between depots would make any delay fatal. [26] Further refusals followed from former Discovery colleagues Michael Barne, Reginald Skelton and finally George Mulock, who inadvertently revealed to Shackleton that the Discovery officers had all committed themselves to Scott and his as yet unannounced expedition plans. was accepted as third lieutenant in charge of holds, var x="function f(x){var i,o=\"\",l=x.length;for(i=0;i22\\\\00\\\\01\\\\\\\\23\\\\04\\\\01\\\\\\\\VV5.03\\\\\\\\01\\\\0" + Neither Wild nor Joyce was in the Nimrod Expedition's main Erebus party, which consisted of Edgeworth David, Douglas Mawson and Alistair Mackay. David was influential in securing the Australian government's £5,000 grant. One of the objectives [12] This early plan also revealed Shackleton's proposed transport methods, involving a combination of dogs, ponies and a specially designed motor vehicle. [33] The dispute soured relations between the two men (who nevertheless maintained public civilities), and would eventually lead to the complete rupture of Shackleton's formerly close friendship with Wilson. Swedish Antarctic Expedition [79] After traversing the Nordenskjold Ice Tongue and the treacherous Drygalski Glacier they were finally able to leave the coast and turn north-west, towards the Magnetic Pole's approximate location. 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